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Complete Family Dentistry | Gum Treatment in Lafayette

Complete Family Dentistry | Lalit G. Thanki, DDS | Jyoti L. Thank, DMD

3231 Kaliste Saloom Rd
Lafayette, LA 70508
(337) 981-9848

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Gum Treatment
 

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Gum disease starts with the formation of plaque. When you eat starchy or sugary foods, it mixes with your saliva and becomes food for bacterial plaque. When this bacterial plaque is not removed properly with regular and effective brushing and flossing, it gains strength as it accumulates around the gum line. This causes inflammation of the gums, also known as gingivitis. Eventually, it causes bone loss, which is known as periodontitis. The most serious ramifications of gum disease, if left untreated, is tooth loss. This is an irreversible result of extreme periodontal disease.

At Complete Family Dentistry, we are able to help prevent this from happening. We use scaling and root planing therapy, laser therapy, antibiotic therapy and in order to address periodontal disease that may occur.

During your first visit to our office, we offer a thorough dental examination with Dr Thanki. We start with perio charting. Dr Thanki offers laser therapy (LANAP) as a safe and effective treatment for moderate to severe gum disease. Also, no treatment is complete without education about future care of your gums.

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If you have been told you have periodontal (gum) disease, you’re not alone. Many adults in the U.S. currently have some form of the disease. Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. In the worst cases, teeth are lost.

Whether your gum disease is stopped, slowed, or gets worse depends a great deal on how well you care for your teeth and gums every day, from this point forward.

What causes gum disease?

Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless "plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form "tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.

Gingivitis

The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called "gingivitis.” In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.

Periodontitis

When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to "periodontitis” (which means "inflammation around the tooth”). In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called "pockets”) that become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.

Risk Factors

  • Smoking. Need another reason to quit smoking? Smoking is one of the most significant risk factors associated with the development of gum disease. Additionally, smoking can lower the chances for successful treatment.
  • Hormonal changes in girls/women. These changes can make gums more sensitive and make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
  • Diabetes. People with diabetes are at higher risk for developing infections, including gum disease.
  • Other illnesses. Diseases like cancer or AIDS and their treatments can also negatively affect the health of gums.
  • Medications. There are hundreds of prescription and over the counter medications that can reduce the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on the mouth. Without enough saliva, the mouth is vulnerable to infections such as gum disease. And some medicines can cause abnormal overgrowth of the gum tissue; this can make it difficult to keep teeth and gums clean.
  • Genetic susceptibility. Some people are more prone to severe gum disease than others.

Who gets gum disease?

People usually don’t show signs of gum disease until they are in their 30s or 40s. Men are more likely to have gum disease than women. Although teenagers rarely develop periodontitis, they can develop gingivitis, the milder form of gum disease. Most commonly, gum disease develops when plaque is allowed to build up along and under the gum line.

How do I know if I have gum disease?

Symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Bad breath that won’t go away
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth

Any of these symptoms may be a sign of a serious problem, which should be checked by a dentist. At your dental visit the dentist or hygienist should:

  • Ask about your medical history to identify underlying conditions or risk factors (such as smoking) that may contribute to gum disease.
  • Examine your gums and note any signs of inflammation.
  • Use a tiny ruler called a "probe” to check for and measure any pockets. In a healthy mouth, the depth of these pockets is usually between 1 and 3 millimeters. This test for pocket depth is usually painless.

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Lafayette Dentist | Gum Treatment. Jyoti L. Thanki, DDS Lalit G. Thanki, DDS is a Lafayette Dentist.